Blood-borne pathogens are the diseases which spread due to the contamination of the blood with microorganisms like bacteria and viruses. For example malaria, syphilis, tuberculosis HIV, hepatitis is severe consequences of these Blood-Borne infections. With first aid, life can be saved by taking some immediate necessary steps.
Bloodborne diseases are generally transmitted by direct blood to blood contact, but its other causes include transmission by any insect or a by a sexual interaction without any preventive measures been taken or by the use of drugs.
A person giving first aid should follow necessary universal precautions to avoid the transmission of infections in patient’s body during an emergency situation. One has to reduce the exposure to himself and the patient by wearing gloves on hands, splash goggles for eyes and pocket mouth to mouth resuscitation masks.
If you are exposed then wash you’re exposed are thorough with antibacterial soap and water. If your mucous membrane is exposed to the blood, then flush mouth, nose, and eyes with water for 15 minutes. In the case of exposure, one should also take actions like reporting supervisor about it; you should fill disclosure reporting form.
While treating a patient few rules are of vital importance for both personal and patient’s safety:
- Always consider all blood or body fluid as potentially infectious and treat them like contaminated one.
- During a situation of exposure always use personal protective equipment.
- Don’t use PPE if it is torn or punctured even it is very slight.
- Always remove PPE prior to leaving the work area.
- Disinfect your used PPE and dispose of them properly.
- Always wash hands with an antibacterial soap and after the use of PPE.
- Use gloves that are made of impervious material and don’t touch them from the outside.
- Remove contaminated clothes as soon as possible.
- Don’t eat, drink, smoke or apply cosmetics, lip balms or contact lenses during
- Always sterilize and properly disinfect other instruments with approved disinfectants immediately after the exposure.
- Dispose of needles of injections properly to avoid any future use.